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About Patna

Tours & Travels Patna

One of the most popular city of the world & It is heart of Bihar!

Patna is the capital of Bihar, and the second largest metropolis in eastern India. Fluxed by the three sacred rivers Ganga, Sone and the Poonpun, the journey of Patna through the ages can quite be an object of envy for any place brooding over its life-chronicle. The city tweets of a glorious past and perches on the briskness of a bustling and an up-and-coming metropolis. Legend has it that a sanctified Ganga had watched with reverence as a hallowed Buddha blessed this

place to be a realm of great Kings and their Empires. Belonging to the blue family of cities with a royal heritage,it is the land where the greatest emperors of India walked, and where the greatest saints chose to preach. Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru was born here.For anyone with a taste for history and religion, this place flies high. Today, it has become one of the fastest growing cities of India. With real estate booming at a dizzying pace, shopping malls, theaters, new businesses, food joints it carries all ingredients for a lively city life, and a tourist haven-to-be.

History

Tours & Travels Patna

One of the most popular city of the world & It is heart of Bihar!

he ancient name of Patna was 'Pataliputra' and it was the capital of the Maurya and Gupta empires.Located at the site where Patna is today, the ancient city of Patliputra, with a glorious period of history spanning a thousand years (500BC-400AD), saw the rise and fall of India's first major kingdoms.Ajastshatru, second in line of the Magadh Kings, built a fort at Pataligram on the banks of the Gangesriver. This later became the famous Mauryan metropolis of Pataliputra and

was ruled by Chandragupta Maurya and his grandson Asoka, acclaimed for the spread of Buddhism across India. Other emperors who ruled from Pataliputra were the Gupta and Pala Kings, ShershahSuri (16th Century) and Azimush-Shan (18th Century), the grandson of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who renamed it Azeemabad. Vestiges of this ancient city can be seen at Kumhrar,Bhikhnapahari, Agamkuan, Bulandi Bag etc. Today Patna is an important business and education centre of eastern India. More significantly, it is a gateway to he Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, Keshariya and Pawapuri. The growing city of Patna is a great place to visit and a great place to live in. Lying along the banks of the Ganges River, Patna is surrounded by important religious centers for the Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. This city has been home to two great religions, Buddhism and Jainism, and myriad dynasties from ancient to modern times.

Places to see in Patna

  • Patna Museum has more than 50,000 rare art objects, with many related to India in the ancient, middle ages and the British colonial era. Don't forget to see the Holy Relic Casket with the sacred ashes of Lord Buddha, and the beautiful statue Yakshani.
  • Har Mandir Saheb - The Birth place of 10th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh jee.
  • Golghar - Captain John Garstin built a Golghar for the storage of food for the British army with storing capacity of 140000 tons on 20th July 1786.
  • Kumhrar - Explore the ancient ruins of Pataliputra. Of the 80 pillars (FaHien, in 5th century AD, found the pillars shining as bright as glass) excavated at the site, only one remains unfortunately.
  • Patna Zoo Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden, Patna
  • MahavirMandir, near Patna Junction
  • Gandhi Maidan is the heart of this city today
  • Gandhi Museum near Gandhi Maidan
  • Padri Ki Haveli ("Mansion of Padre"), also known as St Mary's Church, it is the oldest church in Bihar. When Roman Catholics were arrived in Bihar, They built a smallchurch in 1713 at a place now known as "Padri-ki-Haveli'.
  • Patharki Masjid is built by Pervez, the elder brother of Shah Jahan and the first Mughal prince who made Bihar his residence
  • Khuda Baksh Oriental Library Ashok Rajpath.
  • Mahatma Gandhi Setu, the bridge over the river Ganges connecting Patna and Hajipur.

Buddhist Places in Bihar

Tours & Travels Patna

Maha Bodhi Temple

A world heritage centre declared by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO), the Maha Bodhi complex in Bodh Gaya homes an ancient temple of the Buddha, built by Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. Pampered with a superb and magnificent architecture, the temple houses a 150 feet high tower, which further contains a gilded colossal image of the Buddha in the 'bhumisparsha mudra' or touching the ground pose.

Maha Bodhi Tree

Tours & Travels Patna

Maha Bodhi Tree

The Maha Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya is the most revered place for all the Buddhists as it was under one of the predecessors of this ficus(peepal) tree where a young man, to fulfill His thirst of the truth, meditated and achieved the divine light of enlightenment. The 160 years old Maha Bodhi tree, fifth generation plant of the original one, stands as high as 80 feet, and a major centre of pilgrim for the Buddhists from all over the world.

Nalanda Monastic University

The Nalanda monastic university in Nalanda, though in ruins today, was once one of the most famous learning centres of the world. Established during 4th-5th century CE, the Nalanda university was destroyed by the Islamic invaders in the 12th-13th century CE, and is now under the supervision of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Vikramshila University

The remains of the Vikramshila university near Bhagalpur(50 kilometers) is a major Buddhist attraction of Bihar. Built during 8th century CE by Dharampala, the Vikramshila learning centre flourished as a centre for Tantric Buddhism or Tantrayana.

Sikkh Places in Bihar

Tours & Travels Patna

Bihar was the cradle of the Indian Civilization. Guru Nanak visited Patna (Pataliputra) during his travels. Guru Teg Bahadur was on his way to Assam when his son, Guru Gobind Singh, was born at Patna. Guru Gobind Singh, spent the early part of his childhood here and then went to Anandpur from Patna. Therefore, Patna or Patna Saheb as it is called by some, is a place of pilgrimage for the Sikhs where there is a very impressive temple built by Rana Ranjit Singh in the last century. After the partition of India in 1947, many Sikhs came to Patna. Sikhism is

an important religion taught in the schools and universities of Bihar. Whether or not all of the people in Bihar are Sikhs it does not matter, the fact is that they take special pride in this religion.

Arrah

Tours & Travels Patna

Bisram

It is said that Lord Mahavira,the last Jain Tirthankar took rest for some time at this place during his wanderings.Hence this place is called Bisram or rest.The Jains from every part of the country visit this place throughout the year.The temple contains an idol of the Lord Mahavira.There are about 45 Jain temples at Arrah.

Masar

The village is situated about 9kms west or south –west of the Arrah town.There is an ancient Jain temple dedicated to Parsvanatha and contains eight images some of which belong to earlier dates as seen from the inscriptions on each of them.

The temple was cmpleted as per archeological records in the year 1819 A.D while some of the eight images belong to 1386 A.D.Annul pooja at this temple takes place in the month of Shravana when thousands of Jains visit this place and do their Bandana.

Jain Circuit

Tours & Travels Patna

Trithankar Vardhaman Mahavir ,the last Tirthankar was born in the middle of the 6th century BC to a nobleman Siddharth of the Jnatrika clan in the suburb of the city of Vaisali.He was the follower of Parshwa the twenty-third Tirthankar.Mahavir’s mother Trisala was related to the ruling Lichchhavi house of Videh. In Mahavir’s thirtieth years his parents ended their lives it is believed by voluntary starvation.His elder brother Nandivardhan succeeded to the principality while Vardhaman Mahavir renounced the world and became an ascetic.He was borne from home in a palanquin to the shade of an Ashok tree where he divested himself of his ornaments and fine clothes.From then on for thirteen years till the age of forty three he lived a life of extreme self-mortifica tion.At the end of this period while he was in deep meditation under a shala tree on the banks of the river Rijupalika,he achieved the state called nirvana or kaivalya. He was acclaimed as a Kevalin

(supreme omniscient),Jina(conqueror),Arhat(Blessed One) and Tirthankar(ford-finder).In a long wandering life of 42 years in north and south Bihar he gathered a considerable following of monks known as the Nirgranthas or men who discarded all social bonds who after Mahavir’s death (490BC) became known as Jains. Mahavir is said to have breathed his last at a place called Apapa (Pawa) in Bihar while other twentythree Jain Tirthankars died on the famous Parasnath Hill a mountain in the Jharkhand state named after the twenty-third Jain Tirthankar,Parshwanath who attained Nirvana by voluntary starvation on this hill.
Places associated with Lord Mahavir and other Jain Tirthankars have become most venerated pilgrim centres for followers of the Jain faith. You can visit Jain Pilgrim centers of Bihar bounded in as a Travel Circuit for a meaningful tour to these places.